The world-renowned archaeological site of Machu Picchu is located where the Andes Mountains turn into Vilcanota canyon. This ancient Incan city is shrouded in mystery and has captivated the imaginations of people around the world due to its location. In this blog, we’ll explore its history, as well as its location and how to visit this incredible site.
The location of Machu Picchu and how to get there
Machu Picchu is located on a mountain ridge of 2,430 meters (7,970 feet) above sea level in the Eastern Cordillera de los Andes of southern Peru, in the high jungle or cloud forest, an area characterized by its lush vegetation and diverse wildlife. It is situated within the Machupicchu District of the Urubamba Province, which is part of the Cusco Department. Where Machu Picchu is located covers an area of 32,592 hectares (80,535 acres) and includes the archaeological site, a vast network of Inca trails, and a variety of flora and fauna.
In addition, Machu Picchu was declared a Historical Sanctuary in 1981, and in 1983 it was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. As a historical sanctuary, it is protected by the Peruvian government to preserve its cultural, historical, and natural significance for future generations.
After getting to know where machu picchu is located, the next step is how to get there. Therefore, visitors must first travel to Cusco, which can be reached by plane or bus. From there, they can take a train or hike the Inca Trail to the town of Aguas Calientes, which is located at the base of the mountain where Machu Picchu is located. From Aguas Calientes, visitors can take a bus or hike up to the site itself.
There are several options for getting to the inca citadel, but the most popular is one day tour from Cusco or 2-day Machu Picchu. Other options are the Salkantay trek to Machu Picchu, Choquequirao trek or lares hike which are journeys that take visitors through stunning mountain scenery and ancient Incan ruins before arriving. It’s important to note that visitors must purchase tickets in advance and follow certain rules and regulations to preserve the site’s cultural and historical significance.
The history of Machu Picchu and its discovery
It was built by the Inca civilization in the 15th century and was abandoned just over 100 years later during the Spanish conquest of the region. The site remained hidden from the outside world until it was rediscovered in 1911 by American explorer Hiram Bingham. Bingham was searching for the lost city of Vilcabamba when he stumbled upon Machu Picchu. He was amazed by the site’s impressive architecture and engineering, and he spent several years excavating and studying the ruins. Today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most popular tourist destinations in South America. Its significance lies not only in its impressive architecture and engineering, but also in its cultural and historical importance to the Incan people.
Exploring the ruins and the different structures
Machu Picchu is a complex of ruins that includes temples, palaces, and other structures. The site is divided into two main areas: the agricultural sector and the urban sector. The agricultural sector includes terraces and fields that were used to grow crops, while the urban sector includes the main plaza, the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of the Three Windows, and other important structures. By the way, visitors who climb Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu only can explore the low section of the archaeological site and learn about the history and follow all rules and regulations to preserve its cultural and historical significance.
The cultural significance of Machu Picchu and its impact on Peru
Machu Picchu is not only a wonder of ancient architecture and engineering, but it also holds immense cultural significance for the people of Peru. The site is believed to have been a sacred place for the Inca people, and it is thought to have been used for religious ceremonies and other important events. Today, it is a symbol of Peruvian culture and heritage, and it attracts visitors from all over the world.
Located in the Andes Mountains of Peru, Machu Picchu is a testament to the ingenuity and skill of the Inca people. Therefore, people of Peru consider that it is much more than just a tourist attraction. It is a symbol of their cultural heritage and a reminder of the rich history of their country. Many Peruvians see it as a source of national pride, and they work hard to preserve and protect the site for future generations. If you are interested in visiting this wonder contact us!